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## ROBOTLAB BLOG

### Everything You Need To Know About Robotics in Education and Businesses

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Robots are increasingly accessible, both in the classroom and in other contexts, from commercial applications to domestic service roles. Moreover, mathematics is fundamental in pushing the boundaries of what these mechanical marvels can achieve. It's in the precise programming of movements and crafting of efficient algorithms where numbers take center stage – turning abstract equations into real-world action.

As a result of this, when students delve into robotics, they're engaging with math in a deeply meaningful way. Robotics, as a hands-on application, transforms how learners perceive and utilize mathematical principles - so let’s look at some examples that illustrate what’s possible using modern solutions for educational projects.

## Robotic Precision: The LCM Connection

Precision is part and parcel of all well-managed robotics operations, as you’d expect. This is where the beauty of mathematics comes into play, with concepts like the Least Common Multiple (LCM) serving as foundational tools for intricate programming challenges. Here’s how robotics breathes life into mathematical theory:

Algorithmic Efficiency: Robotic tasks often involve repetitive actions or synchronized movements—this is where you look for the LCM. By determining the LCM of different movement cycles, students can program robots to operate at peak efficiency, minimizing downtime and energy expenditure.
Synchronized Movements: In projects involving multiple robots or parts moving in harmony, finding the LCM ensures that these components reach their starting positions simultaneously after completing their tasks.
Problem Solving in Action: When faced with real-world obstacles, identifying the LCM helps students develop solutions that are both logical and practical—showcasing how abstract math functions work seamlessly within concrete applications. So for instance if students can find the LCM of 9 and 12, they’ll actually unlock multiple ways of getting to the answer, whether via prime factorization, division or listing. This instills the idea of problems having multiple solutions - both in mathematics and other contexts.

For now, robots are predominantly a tool in classroom environments, with a metaanalysis of various pieces of research finding that they take the role of learning tool in 79% of cases. This means that educators stand to benefit significantly in adopting them not only for the practice of promoting robotic principles, but also weaving in aspects like mathematics more seamlessly. It’s a way of showing students numbers in motion, bringing complex concepts closer to the comprehension of people who might previously have been put off by dry textbook explanations.

## Engineering Ingenuity: Math Meets Mechanism

From simple classroom activities to complex competitive robotics, there are plenty of projects that can serve as a conduit for mathematical exploration and understanding. Here are a few examples that effectively teach different mathematical concepts:

## Navigating Mazes

Using algorithms, students can program robots to navigate mazes—a task that teaches Cartesian coordinates and spatial reasoning.

The exercise reinforces the geometric concept of angles as students calculate precise turns at intersections.

## Robotic Arms

By constructing and programming robotic arms, lessons in trigonometry come alive as students work out joint angles and leverage for object manipulation.

They learn about ratios when scaling movements up or down, ensuring the robot interacts with its environment accurately and effectively.

## Sensor-Based Movement

Projects that incorporate sensors demand an understanding of statistics as students analyze data to improve the robot's environmental responsiveness.
Probability is also a key player; predicting potential outcomes enhances decision-making processes within the robot's programming.

## Autonomous Vehicles

Students get to grips with calculus by programming robots for velocity and acceleration in projects centered around autonomous vehicles.

Proportional reasoning is key when adjusting speed in relation to distance, teaching the integration of rates of change.

## Solar System Models

Constructing a robotic model of the solar system introduces students to circular motion and ratios, as they must calculate and program the relative speeds of planets revolving around the sun.

It’s a practical application that demonstrates orbital mechanics, bringing Kepler's laws into clear focus through physical representation.

Putting robotics projects in the foreground of mathematics education is as much about introducing a variety of foundational concepts as it is about bolstering student engagement in the learning process across the board.

Researchers have found that robotics is well suited to connecting with students of varying ability levels - gaining traction not only with the already gifted, but also with those who have more obstacles to overcome. So for this reason among the others cited, it’s worth pursuing the implementation of such projects.

## The Bottom Line

The last point to make about using robotics to cultivate a deep understanding of mathematics is that educators need to pick projects that are appropriate for their purposes. Even with the engaging inclusion of robots, if a project is overly complex or not relevant to the current curriculum, it could fall flat and have the opposite effect to the desired one.

With all that said, the upsides of integrating robots into mathematical education are significant, and instilling a lifelong love of key concepts with tangible hardware will always trump the old-school process of persistently hammering through books and providing spoken explanations that many students simply won’t connect with in the same way. So it’s down to educators to bring robots into the classroom, and for students to use them successfully.